Hemp And Legal Implications

Copyright 2006 Francesca Black

In 1619 Jamestown Colony, Virginia enacted laws ordering farmers to grow hemp. Similar laws were enacted in Massachusetts in 1631, Connecticut in 1632 and the Chesapeake Colonies in the mid-1700’s.

Even though the U.S. government encouraged American farmers to grow hemp for WWII and had even accepted it as payment of taxes in Colonial America, it is now prohibited to grow hemp in the United States.

Cannabis hemp was legal tender in most of the Americas from 1631 until the early 1800’s. you could even pay your taxes with cannabis hemp. In the mid-to-late 1800’s the 2nd & 3rd most commonly used medications were concentrated cannabis extracts and resins (a.k.a. hashish). At one time American companies Eli Lily, Squibb and Park Davis produced cannabis extract medicines but clearly that is no longer the case..

Today the THC levels in industrial hemp are so low that no one could ever get high from smoking it. Moreover, hemp contains a relatively high percentage of another cannabinoid, CBD, that actually blocks the marijuana high. Hemp, it turns out, is not only not marijuana; it could be called ‘antimarijuana.’ Although opponents of hemp production claim that hemp fields will be used to hide marijuana fields, this is unlikely because cross-pollination between hemp and marijuana plants would significantly reduce the potency of the marijuana plant.

On March 12, 1998, Canada legalized hemp production and set a limit of 0.3% THC content that may be present in the plants and requires that all seeds be certified for THC content.

In 1942 the US government strongly encouraged hemp cultivation to help with the war effort, going so far as to produce a film entitled “Hemp For Victory”. Hemp was grown commercially (with increasing government interference) in the United States until the 1950s. While congress expressly expected the continued production of industrial hemp, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics lumped industrial hemp with marijuana, as its successor the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), does to this day. Even though the US government encouraged American farmers to grow hemp for WWII and had even accepted it as payment of taxes in Colonial America, it is now prohibited to grow hemp in the United States. While industrial hemp and marijuana may look somewhat alike to the untrained eye, an easily trained eye can easily distinguish the difference.

The European Union subsidizes its farmers to grow industrial hemp. Hemp seed is not psychoactive and cannot be used as a drug. Hemp Seed does not contain THC. From 1842 through the 1880s, extremely strong marijuana (then known as cannabis extractums), hashish extracts, tinctures, and elixirs were routinely the second and third most-used medicines in America for humans (from birth through old age). These extracts were also used in veterinary medicine until the 1920s.

The illogical and unrealistic reasons for not growing hemp should be set aside now, as this crop will be a wonderful economic boon. In 1935 116 million pounds (58,000 tons) of hemp seed was used to make paints and varnishes yet it has been effectively prohibited in the United States since the 1950s.

Hemp was doomed by the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, which placed an extremely high tax and made it effectively impossible to grow industrial hemp. While congress expressly expected the continued production of industrial hemp, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics lumped industrial hemp with marijuana, as its successor the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), does to this day. While industrial hemp and marijuana may look somewhat alike to the untrained eye, an easily trained eye can easily distinguish the difference.

No marijuana grower would hide marijuana plants in a hemp field. Marijuana is grown widely spaced to maximize flowers and leaves; hemp is grown tightly-spaced to maximize stalk and is usually harvested before it goes to seed. It is also the first place where law enforcement officials would look. No one would want to smoke industrial hemp. Industrial hemp has a THC content of between 0.05 and 1%. Marijuana has a THC content of 3% to 20%. To receive a standard psychoactive dose would require a person to power-smoke 10-12 hemp cigarettes over a very short period of time. The large volume, high temperature of vapor, gas and smoke would be difficult for a person to withstand, much less enjoy.

The US State Department must certify each year that a foreign nation is cooperating in the war on drugs. The European Union subsidizes its farmers to grow industrial hemp. Those nations are not on this list, because the US State Department distinguishes the difference between hemp and marijuana. Over 30 industrialized democracies do distinguish hemp from marijuana. International treaties regarding marijuana make an exception for hemp, and trade alliances such as NAFTA allow for the importation of hemp. In fact NAFTA allow for the importation of hemp. All members of the Group of Seven Industrialized Nations permit hemp cultivation except one-the United States.

Lipe Lyons Recognizes As Premises Liability Legal Practice Of The Year

Chicago, Illinois, February 06, 2014 – The publishers of Acquisition International Magazine have announced the winners of their 2013 Legal Awards. This year, Lipe Lyons was recognized as Premises Liability Legal Practice of the Year in the United States.

Acquisition International’s legal awards recognize the outstanding achievements of individuals and companies within multiple segments of the legal sector and identify and honor success, innovation and ethics across international legal and business communities. The awards are given solely on merit and are awarded to commend those most deserving for outstanding work over the prior 12 months. Our awards recognize leaders in their respective fields and, crucially, are nominated by their clients and their peers.

Individuals and firms are nominated by clients and peers for these awards. The winners are determined by three factors, the first of which is the number of votes received. The voting forms are distributed to the 53,000+ subscribers of Acquisition International Magazine along with 180,000 legal professionals. The second factor is substantial in-house research. The third factor is the strength of supporting documents supplied by the nominees.

Acquisition International is a monthly magazine published by AI Global Media Ltd. with a global circulation. Its topical news articles make it a valued read for anyone involved in the business and financial markets and anyone involved in the global deal market.

About Lipe Lyons Murphy Nahrstadt & Pontikis, Ltd. Lipe Lyons Murphy Nahrstadt & Pontikis was founded after the five name partners, with decades of experience, departed from their former firm together in order to better serve their long-standing clients. A testament to the relationships that the firm builds with each of its clients, the firm and its clients work in partnership to maximize the value afforded to each client. This dedication to client service serves as the foundation of every firm undertaking.

Their case handling philosophy is simple. They investigate and evaluate cases promptly and accurately. They work closely with their clients in order to determine the most effective and efficient way to resolve a dispute. They attempt to resolve cases on a fair and equitable basis as soon as possible, with minimal expense to their clients. If a fair and equitable resolution cannot be reached, they are ready, willing and able to take a case to verdict. Collectively, the name partners of the firm have tried more than 100 cases to verdict.

Lipe Lyons Murphy Nahrstadt & Pontikis, Ltd. is a member of the International Society of Primerus Law Firms.

Press Contact:
Derek N. Hoeft
International Society of Primerus Law Firms
Chicago, Illinois
+1 616.284.3631

Digitally Resolving the Challenge of the Menu Labeling Law

The new Federal law passed through healthcare reform legislation is projected to affect over 200,000 restaurants throughout the United States.

The Food Labeling Law is outlined at: http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/GuidanceDocuments/FoodLabelingNutrition/ucm223408.htm. The highlights are as follows:

Was signed into law March 23, 2010 and requires nutrition labeling of standard menu items for chain restaurants, retail food establishments and corporate caterers with 20 or more locations, food delivery establishments, convenience stores, movie theaters, bakeries, cafeterias, airlines and trains as well as chain vending machines, food carts, lunch wagons and cookie shops.
Three major requirements are: calorie count must appear on menus and menu boards (includes desserts, beverages, takeout, and website menus); a statement must appear on the menu that puts the calorie information in the context of a total daily caloric intake; and additional nutritional information must be available upon request.
All standard menu items (including meat, poultry and alcoholic beverages) will be required to display the calories count in a type size that matches the name or price of the menu item (whichever is larger) and with the same color or contrasting background as the menu item.
Compliance is required by March 2011.

This new law presents some major challenges that restaurant owners and food services are finding daunting. These include:
Obtaining proper nutritional analysis from suppliers
Regulating specific portion control
Finding aesthetic solutions for displaying nutritional information
Updating these as suppliers change portion sizes and recipes

Restaurant owners are in a flurry trying to figure out how to display the mandated information within the confines of existing menu boards. Printed signage does not allow the flexibility for changes and updates.

But if restaurants take a digital approach to requirements of the law the last two challenges in the above list are easily solves. Now is the time for restaurants to change to digital menu boards. Why?

1.Easy to design and maintain an attractive menu board that meets the requirements of the law and stays true to restaurant brands.
2.When linked to databases, digital menu boards are dynamically updated as nutritional content changes are made and as a bonus, promotions can be scheduled to automatically start and stop at specified times.
3.Hardware and software for digital menu boards is becoming more cost effective and energy efficient.
4.Eateries using digital boards portray a sleek, updated appearance that customers are coming to expect.

Digital menu boards allow restaurants to have the flexibility to create, design and redesign until they find something that works with their particular establishment. This experimentation is missing with printed signage. Also, consider that errors of last minute changes can be fixed in a matter of seconds in one store or over a network of hundreds of stores.

Printed signage does not offer that kind of flexibility. Static menus require a complete remake of the menu board for one small error or change, not to mentions the fees involved in redesign, shipping and the wait for new menus to arrive.

Restaurant owners and franchises are rightfully concerned with the potential consequences of not meeting the requirements of the law by failing to reflect nutritional values correctly or in a timely manner. But digital menu boards free food service providers from fear since information changes are reflected immediately.

It is without question a necessity for restaurants to switch to the use of digital menu boards to meet upcoming regulation deadlines.

Where is the most reliable source for digital menu boards that will change the food service world?

With over 30 years of technology experience, Noventri provides the food service industry with digital menu boards that are at the lowest prices, the easiest to deploy andare the greenest option avai

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